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用JSP在客户端生成JavaScript代码来实现表单校验



作者:未知    文章来源:www.jspcn.net
发布日期:2005年01月19日
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○ 作者:刘湛   日期:2000-01-05   jeru@163.net ●
● http://www.cyberlabs.com/~jeru/          ○
○ 欢迎访问爪哇人,获取更多资料           ●
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今天费了一天时间就是做这个东西,原理很简单,就是用 JSP 在页面的开始部分生成一段代码,
如 errorcheck.jsp 中所示,但程序太长,还是费了我不少时间来改写。

主程序是名为 ErrorCheck.java ,有了这个 ErrorCheck 的 Bean,我们就再也不用为了表单校验去
写那一大堆烦人的 JavaScript 代码了。ErrorCheck 类已帮我们生成了几乎所有你将会用到的校验方法,
如是否为数字,长度的校验,是否为合法email等,你只需在 jsp 页面里调用相应的函数就可以了。

目前一共有七个函数:

一 检测是否为数字
//输入输入框名和错误提示信息
numericCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg);

二 检测email是否合法
//输入输入框名和错误提示信息
emailCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg);

三 检测电话号码是否合法
//输入输入框名和错误提示信息
telCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg);

四 检测字串长度是否在规定范围那内
//输入输入框名,错误提示信息,最小长度,最大长度
lengthCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg,int min,int max);

五 检测字串中是否不含禁止的字串
//输入输入框名,错误提示信息,禁止字串
denyStrCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg,String str);

六 检测字串中是否含给定字串
//输入输入框名,错误提示信息,指定字串
stringCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg,String str);

七 检测日期格式是否为 "yyyy-mm-dd"
//输入输入框名和错误提示信息
dateCheck(String inputName,String errorMsg);

只要调用一下这个bean,然后用setFromName()设定你的表单名,再调用以上函数,
最后 out.println(yourID.ErrorCheckScript()),就输出了一段 JavaScript 代码了,当然了,
别忘了这个 <form name=myForm onsubmit="return errorCheck();">

ok,just enjoy it,今天太累,不想多少,有任何意见请写信给我或在我主页上留言。

注:我调试 errorcheck.jsp 的时候因服务器的问题不知为何不能用 usebean,setProperty 的方法,
只好 new 了一下,我想你们是应该可以用useBean和setProperty的,自己改一下吧。

===================================== errorcheck.jsp =====================================

<%@ page language="java" import="dbclass.*" %>
<%@ page contentType="text/html; charset=gb2312" %>
<jsp:useBean id="cc" scope="page" class="dbclass.ErrorCheck" />

<%
ErrorCheck ec = new ErrorCheck();
ec.setFormName("myForm");
ec.numericCheck("number","The Number you input is invalid!");
ec.emailCheck("email","The Email you input is invalid!");
ec.telCheck("tel","The telephone you input is invalid!");
ec.lengthCheck("strlen","The string you input in the fourth field in not between 6-8",6,8);
ec.denyStrCheck("nojeru","The fifith field must not contain ´jeru´","jeru");
ec.stringCheck("jeru","The sixth field must not null and contian ´jeru´","jeru");
ec.dateCheck("date","The date you input is invalid,should be yyyy-mm-dd");
out.println(ec.ErrorCheckScript());
%>

<html>
<body style="font-size:9pt; font-family:Arial;">
<h1>Errocheck Test</h1>
<hr>
<form name=myForm onsubmit="return errorCheck();">

input a number:<br>
<input type="text" name="number"><p>

input a emial:<br>
<input type="text" name="email"><p>

input a telephone:<br>
<input type="text" name="tel"><p>

input a string (length should between 6-8):<br>
<input type="text" name="strlen"><p>

input a string (shoulde not contain "jeru"):<br>
<input type="text" name="nojeru"><p>

input a string (must contain "jeru"):<br>
<input type="text" name="jeru"><p>

input a date (yyyy-mm-dd):<br>
<input type="text" name="date"><p>

<br><input type="submit" name="submit" value="go">
</form>
</body>
</html>

===================================== ErrorCheck.java =====================================

package dbclass;
/**
* ErrorCheck v 1.0
*
* 这个类是用来在客户端生成 JavaScript 代码来校验表单的
* 原是版本是同事 Macro 用 PHP 写的,我感觉十分好用,再也
* 不用再为那些表单区写烦人的 javascript 代码拉,感谢他!
* 这次我用 Java 改写,封装成一个类,并修复了少许的 bug,加
* 多了一条校验的功能,它的扩展性很好,以后可能会继续完善。
*
* Mender :
* Jeru Liu
* Homepage :
* http://www.cyberlabs.com/~jeru/
* Email: jeru@163.net
*
*/

import java.io.*;

public class ErrorCheck {

/* public: the javascript string */
String errorCheckStr;

/* public: the form name you used */
public String formName;

public void setFormName(String formName) {
this.formName = formName;
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: constructor functions
* 构造函数
***************************************************************************/
public ErrorCheck() {
this.errorCheckStr =
"<script ID=clientEventHandlersJS language=javascript>" + " " +
"<!--" + " ";
this.neededFunction(); // load the needed functions
this.errorCheckStr +=
"function errorCheck() {" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: export javascript script
* 输出 JAVASCRIPT 脚本
***************************************************************************/
public String ErrorCheckScript() {
this.errorCheckStr +=
"}" + " " +
"-->" + " " +
"</script>" + " ";
return this.errorCheckStr;
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check the numeric
* 检查录入框值是否是数字
***************************************************************************/
public void numericCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if(fucCheckNUM(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value) == 0) {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check the length
* 检查录入框值的长度
***************************************************************************/
public void lengthCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg, int MinLength, int MaxLength) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if(fucCheckLength(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value)<"+MinLength+" || " + " " +
" fucCheckLength(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value)>"+MaxLength+") {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check the email
* 检查录入框值是否是正确的EMAIL格式
***************************************************************************/
public void emailCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if(chkemail(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value) == 0) {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check the telephone number
* 检查录入框值是否是电话号码
***************************************************************************/
public void telCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if(fucCheckTEL(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value) == 0) {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check if the input value contian the prefered string
* 检查录入框值是否是包含给定字串
***************************************************************************/
public void stringCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg, String string) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value.indexOf(""+string+"") != 0) {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check if the input value contain the denyed string
* 检查录入框值是否是包含给禁止的字串
***************************************************************************/
public void denyStrCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg, String string) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if (document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value.length == 0 || " + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value.indexOf(""+string+"") != -1) {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}

/***************************************************************************
* public: check the YYYY-MM-DD format date
* 检查录入框值是否是YYYY-MM-DD的日期格式
***************************************************************************/
public void dateCheck(String inputName, String errorMsg) {
this.errorCheckStr +=
" if(chkdate(document."+formName+"."+inputName+".value) == 0) {" + " " +
" alert(""+errorMsg+".");" + " " +
" document."+formName+"."+inputName+".focus();" + " " +
" return(false);" + " " +
" }" + " ";
}


public void neededFunction() {
this.errorCheckStr +=
"//函数名:fucCheckNUM" + " " +
"//功能介绍:检查是否为数字" + " " +
"//参数说明:要检查的数字" + " " +
"//返回值:1为是数字,0为不是数字" + " " +
"function fucCheckNUM(NUM) {" + " " +
" var i,j,strTemp;" + " " +
" strTemp="0123456789";" + " " +
" if ( NUM.length == 0) return 0;" + " " +
" for (i=0;i<NUM.length;i++) {" + " " +
" j = strTemp.indexOf(NUM.charAt(i));" + " " +
" if (j==-1) {" + " " +
" //说明有字符不是数字" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" //说明是数字" + " " +
" return 1;" + " " +
"}" + " " +

"//函数名:fucCheckLength" + " " +
"//功能介绍:检查字符串的长度" + " " +
"//参数说明:要检查的字符串" + " " +
"//返回值:长度值" + " " +
"function fucCheckLength(strTemp) {" + " " +
" var i,sum;" + " " +
" sum=0;" + " " +
" for(i=0;i<strTemp.length;i++) {" + " " +
" if ((strTemp.charCodeAt(i)>=0) && (strTemp.charCodeAt(i)<=255))" + " " +
" sum=sum+1;" + " " +
" else" + " " +
" sum=sum+2;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" return sum;" + " " +
"}" + " " +

"//函数名:chkemail" + " " +
"//功能介绍:检查是否为Email Address" + " " +
"//参数说明:要检查的字符串" + " " +
"//返回值:0:不是 1:是" + " " +
"function chkemail(a) {" + " " +
" var i=a.length;" + " " +
" var temp = a.indexOf(´@´);" + " " +
" var tempd = a.indexOf(´.´);" + " " +
" if (temp > 1) {" + " " +
" if ((i-temp) > 3) {" + " " +
" if (tempd!=-1) {" + " " +
" return 1;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
"}" + " " +

"//函数名:fucCheckTEL" + " " +
"//功能介绍:检查是否为电话号码" + " " +
"//参数说明:要检查的字符串" + " " +
"//返回值:1为是合法,0为不合法" + " " +
"function fucCheckTEL(TEL) {" + " " +
" var i,j,strTemp;" + " " +
" strTemp="0123456789-()#";" + " " +
" if (TEL.length == 0) return 0;" + " " +
" for (i=0;i<TEL.length;i++) {" + " " +
" j=strTemp.indexOf(TEL.charAt(i));" + " " +
" if (j==-1) {" + " " +
" //说明有字符不合法" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" //说明合法" + " " +
" return 1;" + " " +
"}" + " " +

"//函数名:chkdate (YYYY-MM-DD)" + " " +
"//功能介绍:检查是否为日期" + " " +
"//参数说明:要检查的字符串" + " " +
"//返回值:0:不是日期 1:是日期" + " " +
"function chkdate(datestr) {" + " " +
" var lthdatestr" + " " +
" if (datestr != "")" + " " +
" lthdatestr= datestr.length ;" + " " +
" else" + " " +
" lthdatestr=0;" + " " +
" var tmpy="";" + " " +
" var tmpm="";" + " " +
" var tmpd="";" + " " +
" //var datestr;" + " " +
" var status;" + " " +
" status=0;" + " " +
" if ( lthdatestr== 0)" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" for (i=0;i<lthdatestr;i++) {" + " " +
" if (datestr.charAt(i)== ´-´) {" + " " +
" status++;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if (status>2) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if ((status==0) && (datestr.charAt(i)!=´-´)) {" + " " +
" tmpy=tmpy+datestr.charAt(i)" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if ((status==1) && (datestr.charAt(i)!=´-´)) {" + " " +
" tmpm=tmpm+datestr.charAt(i)" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if ((status==2) && (datestr.charAt(i)!=´-´)) {" + " " +
" tmpd=tmpd+datestr.charAt(i)" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" year=new String (tmpy);" + " " +
" month=new String (tmpm);" + " " +
" day=new String (tmpd)" + " " +
" if ((tmpy.length!=4) || (tmpm.length>2) || (tmpd.length>2)) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if (!((1<=month) && (12>=month) && (31>=day) && (1<=day)) ) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if (!((year % 4)==0) && (month==2) && (day==29)) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if ((month<=7) && ((month % 2)==0) && (day>=31)) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if ((month>=8) && ((month % 2)==1) && (day>=31)) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" if ((month==2) && (day==30)) {" + " " +
" return 0;" + " " +
" }" + " " +
" return 1;" + " " +
"}" + " ";

}

/*public static void main(String[] args) {
ErrorCheck ec = new ErrorCheck("testFrom");
String script = ec.ErrorCheckScript();
System.out.println(script);
} */

} 
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